Publications on the Mulligan Concept

Research References

This page contains a listing of publications of scientific research specific to the Mulligan Concept.

The Mulligan Concept Teacher Association (MCTA) has a Scientific Committee whose duties are to promote research. The MCTA is committed to validation of the Mulligan Concept via quality research.


Contact

For further information on scientific research specific to the Mulligan Concept, contact:
Wayne Hing
Professor
Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine
Bond University
Queensland 4229
Australia
Tel: +61 7 559 53037
E-Mail: whing@bond.edu.au

Note: The references on this page are updated as new articles are published.


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MCTA Research Award

The Mulligan Concept Teachers Association (MCTA) has identified the need to promote the undertaking of significant research projects and the dissemination of research findings relative to the Mulligan Concept and therefore has formed a MCTA Research Award to provide financial assistance for quality research of a high academic standard that investigates the efficacy or scientific basis for Mulligan Concept treatment techniques.
To find out more about the MCTA Research Award or to download an application & guidelines form go to the Award page.


Mulligan Concept References

Questions or require additional information? Please feel contact the committee chair by E-mail


Research

Here we provide an updated list of references on the Mulligan Concept. Some of the articles are freely available on the Internet. You can also access various articles referring to the site of the Center for Evidence Based Physiotherapy, Maastricht University.


Randomized controlled trials:

1. Anap D (2012) Mobilization with Movement Technique as an Adjunct to Conventional Physiotherapy in

Treatment of Chronic Lateral Epicondylits-A Comparative Study. J Nov Physiother 2:121. doi:10.4172/2165-

7025.1000121

2. Bisset, L (2006) Mobilisation with movement and exercise, corticosteroid injection, or wait and see for tennis

elbow: randomised trial. British Medical Journal. doi:10.1136/bmj.38961.584653.AE

3. Collins, N., B. (2004). The initial effects of a Mulligan’s mobilisation with movement technique on dorsiflexion

and pain in subacute ankle sprains. Manual Therapy, 9, 77 – 82.

4. Cruz-Diaz D. (2014). Effects of joint mobilization on chronic ankle instability: a randomized controlled trial.

Disability and rehabilitation:1-10

5. Coombes BK (2013) Effect of corticosteroid injection, physiotherapy, or both on clinical outcomes in patients

with unilateral lateral epicondylalgia: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 309: 461-469. doi:

410.1001/jama.2013.1129

6. Doner G. (2012). Evalution of Mulligan’s technique for adhesive capsulitis of the Shoulder. J Rehabil Med doi:

10.2340/16501977-1064

7. Djordjevic O. (2012). Mobilization with movement and kinesiotaping compared with a supervised exercise

program for painful shoulder: results of a clinical trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther;35(6):454-63

8. Kochar, M. (2002). Effectiveness of a specific physiotherapy regimen on patients with tennis elbow.

Physiotherapy, 88(6), 333-341.

9. Ganesh GS. (2014). Effectiveness of mobilization therapy and exercises in mechanical neck pain. Physiotherapy

theory and practice. 2014:1-8

10. Hall, TM (2006) Mulligan bent leg raise technique—a preliminary randomized trial of immediate effects after a

single intervention. Manual Therapy 11(2) 130 – 135

11. Hall, TM (2007) Efficacy of a C1-C2 self-sustained natural apophyseal glide (SNAG) in the management of

cervicogenic headache. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 37(3) 100-107

12. Izquierdo Perez H (2014). Is one better than another?: A randomized clinical trial of manual therapy for

patients with chronic neck pain. Man Ther. 2014 Jun;19(3):215-21. PubMed PMID: 24467843.

13. Kachingwe A (2008). Comparison of manual therapy techniques with therapeutic exercise in the treatment of

shoulder impingement: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 16(4),

238-247

14. Kumar, D. (2011). Efficacy of Mulligan Concept (NAGs) on Activity of Daily Living in Cervical Spine Pain: A

Randomised Control Trial. Physiotherapy the Journal of the Indian Association of Physiotherapists 9(1): 4-9.

15. Kumar, D. (2011). Efficacy of Mulligan Concept (NAGs) on Pain at Available End Range in Cervical Spine Pain: A

Randomised Control Trial. Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy 5(1): 154-158

16. Marron-Gomez D. (2014) The effect of two mobilization techniques on dorsiflexion in people with chronic ankle

instability. Physical therapy in sport : official journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports

Medicine.

17. Mhatre B, (2013) Which is the better method to improve “perceived hamstrings tightness” – Exercises targeting

neural tissue mobility or exercises targeting hamstrings muscle extensibility? IJOM 16: 153-162.

18. Moiler, K (2006) The role of fibular tape in the prevention of ankle injury in basketball: A pilot study. Journal of

Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 9(36), 661-668

19. Moutzouri, M. (2008). The effects of the Mulligan Sustained Natural Apophyseal Glide (SNAG) mobilisation in

the lumbar flexion range of asymptomatic subjects as measured by the Zebris CMS20 3-D motion analysis

system. BMC Musculoskeletal disorders 9:131-140.

20. Nam CW (2013). Effects of the MWM Technique Accompanied by Trunk Stabilization Exercises on Pain and

Physical Dysfunctions Caused by Degenerative Osteoarthritis. Journal of physical therapy science.

Sep;25(9):1137-40. PubMed PMID: 24259931. Pubmed Central PMCID: 3818775.

21. Paungmali, A. (2003). Hypoalgesic and Sympathoexcitatory effects of Mobilization with Movement for lateral

epicondylalgia. Physical Therapy, 83(4), 374-383.

22. Paungmali, A. (2004). Naloxone fails to antagonize initial hypoalgesic effect of a manual therapy treatment for

lateral epicondylalgia. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological therapeutics, 27, 180-185.

23. Reid, S (2008) Sustained natural apophyseal glides (SNAGS) are an effective treatment for cervicogenic

dizziness. Manual Therapy. 13:357-66

24. Reid SA. (2014) Comparison of mulligan sustained natural apophyseal glides and maitland mobilizations for

treatment of cervicogenic dizziness: a randomized controlled trial. Phys Ther. 2014;94:466-76.

25. Reid SA (2014). Effects of Cervical Spine Manual Therapy on Range of Motion, Head Repositioning and Balance

in Participants with Cervicogenic Dizziness: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. PubMed

PMID: 24792139.

26. Reid SA. (2014) Manual therapy for cervicogenic dizziness: Long-term outcomes of a randomised trial. Manual

therapy.

27. Reid SA (2012). Efficacy of manual therapy treatments for people with cervicogenic dizziness and pain: protocol

of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord;13:201. PubMed PMID: 23078200. Pubmed Central

PMCID: 3488326.

28. Shin EJ. The effect of sustained natural apophyseal glides on headache, duration and cervical function in women

with cervicogenic headache. Journal of exercise rehabilitation. 2014 Apr;10(2):131-5. PubMed PMID: 24877050.

Pubmed Central PMCID: 4025547

29. Son JH. (2014) The effect of sacroiliac joint mobilization on pelvic deformation and the static balance ability of

female university students with si joint dysfunction. Journal of physical therapy science;26:845-8

30. Teys, P, (2006) The initial effects of a Mulligan’s mobilization with movement technique on range of movement

and pressure pain threshold in pain-limited shoulders, Manual Therapy, doi:10.1016/j.math.2006.07.011.

31. Teys, P. (2013). One-week time course of the effects of Mulligan’s Mobilisation with Movement and taping in

painful shoulders. Manual Therapy. PubMed PMID: 23391760.

32. Vicenzino, B. (2001). Specific manipulative therapy treatment for chronic lateral epicondylalgia produces

uniquely characteristic hypoalgesia. Manual Therapy, 6(4), 205-212.

33. Vicenzino B, (2009) Initial changes in posterior talar glide and dorsiflexion of the ankle after mobilization with

movement in individuals with recurrent ankle sprain. Orthopaedic Division Review 2009: 35-42.

34. von Piekartz, H. (2013). “Orofacial manual therapy improves cervical movement impairment associated with

headache and features of temporomandibular dysfunction: A randomized controlled trial.” Manual Therapy.

PubMed PMID: 23302515


Quasi-experimental trials:

35. Abbott, JH. (2001). Mobilization with movement applied to the elbow affects shoulder range of movement in

subjects with lateral epicondylalgia. Manual Therapy, 6(3), 170-177.

36. Abbott, J. H. (2001). The initial effects of an elbow mobilization with movement technique on grip strength in

subjects with lateral epicondylalgia. Manual Therapy, 6(3), 163-169.

37. Amro A. (2010) The effects of Mulligan mobilisation with movement and taping techniques on pain, grip

strength, and function in patients with lateral epicondylitis. Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal 28: 19-23

38. Delahunt E. (2012). Joint Mobilization Acutely Improves Landing Kinematics in Chronic Ankle Instability. Med

Sci Sports Exerc. doi: 10.2340/16501977-1064

39. Konstantinou, K. (2007) Flexion mobilizations with movement techniques: The immediate effects on range of

movement and pain in subjects with low back pain. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy,

doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2007.01.015

40. Paungmali, A. (2003). Hypoalgesia induced by elbow manipulation in lateral epicondylalgia does not exhibit

tolerance. The Journal of Pain, 4(8), 448-454.

41. Slater H (2006) Effects of a Manual Therapy technique in experimental lateral epicondylalgia. Manual Therapy

11 (2) 130 – 135


Single-case report:

42. Abbott, JH. (1998). The effect of elbow mobilisation with movement on shoulder impairment and functional

limitation: A case report. Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy, 6(4), 208.

43. Aiken DL. (2013) The use of functional and traditional mobilization interventions in a patient with chronic

thoracic pain: a case report. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy 21: 134-141

44. Backstrom, KM. (2002). Mobilization With Movement as an Adjunct Intervention in a Patient With Complicated

De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis: A Case Report. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 32(3), 86-94.

45. Carson, PA. (1999). The rehabilitation of a competitive swimmer with an asymmetrical breastsroke. Manual

Therapy, 4(2), 100-106.

46. DeSantis L. (2006). The Use of Mobilization with Movement in the Treatment of a Patient with Subacromial

Impingement: A Case Report. The Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 14(2), 77-87

47. Folk, B. (2001). Traumatic thumb injury management using mobilization with movement. Manual Therapy,

6(3), 178-182.

48. Horton, SJ. (2002). Acute locked thoracic spine: treatment with a modified SNAG. Manual Therapy, 7(2), 103-

107.

49. Hsieh, CY. (2002). Mulligan’s mobilization with movement for the thumb: a single case report using magnetic

resonance imaging to evaluate the positional fault hypothesis. Manual Therapy, 7(1), 44-49.

50. Lincoln, J. (2000). Clinical instability of the upper cervical spine. Manual Therapy, 5(1), 41-46.

51. Malo-Urries M. Clinical and ultrasonographic evidence of a proximal positional fault of the radius. A case report.

Man Ther. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.math.2014.02.0032014.

52. Mau H. (2014) A modified mobilization-with-movement to treat a lateral ankle sprain. International journal of

sports physical therapy;9:540-8.

53. Reid SA. (2014) Effects of cervical spine manual therapy on range of motion, head repositioning, and balance in

participants with cervicogenic dizziness: a randomized controlled trial. Archives of physical medicine and

rehabilitation;95:1603-12

54. Richardson C (2009) Treatment of cervicogenic headaches using Mulligan ‘SNAGS’ and postural reeducation: A

case report. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy Practice 21: 33-38.

55. Scaringe, J. (2002). Improved shoulder function after using spinal mobilisation with arm movement in a 50-

year old golfer with shoulder, arm, and neck pain. Topics in Clinical Chiropractic; 9(3): 44-53

56. Woodman, R. (2012) Utilization of mobilization with movement for an apparent sprain of the posterior

talofibular ligament: A case report. Manual therapy doi:10.1016/j.math.2012.03.014


Single-case study

57. O’Brien, T. (1998). A study of the effects of Mulligan’s mobilization with movement treatment of lateral ankle

pain using a case study design. Manual Therapy, 3(2), 78-84.

58. Penso, M (2008). The Effectiveness of Mobilisation with Movement for Chronic Medial Ankle Pain: A Case Study

59. Vicenzino, B. (1995). Effects of a novel manipulative physiotherapy technique on tennis elbow: a single case

study. Manual Therapy, 1, 30-35.


Case series

60. Creighton D, (2007) Use of anterior tibial translation in the management of patellofemoral pain syndrome in

older patients: a case series. The Journal of manual & manipulative therapy. 2007;15:216-24.

61. Dinkins, E. (2012). “Management of restless leg syndrome with use of a traction straight leg raise: A

preliminary case series.” Manual Therapy, doi.org/10.1016/j.math.2012.11.002.

62. Exelby, L. (2001). The locked lumbar facet joint: intervention using mobilizations with movement. Manual

Therapy, 6(2), 116-121.

63. Gilbreath JP (2014). The effects of mobilization with movement on dorsiflexion range of motion, dynamic

balance, and self-reported function in individuals with chronic ankle instability. Man Ther. 2014 Apr;19(2):152-

7. PubMed PMID: 24834500

64. González-Iglesias J. (2013). Mobilisation with movement, thoracic spine manipulation and dry needling for the

management of temporomandibular disorders: a prospective case series. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice.

DOI: 10.3109/09593985.2013.783895

65. Hall TM. (2006) Mulligan Traction Straight Leg Raise: A Pilot Study to Investigate effects on range of motion in

patients with low back pain. Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy. 2006 14(2):95-100

66. Hetherington, B. (1996). Lateral ligament strains of the ankle, do they exist? Manual Therapy, 1(5), 274-275.

67. Hubbard, T. (2007) Anterior positional fault of the fibula after sub-acute lateral ankle sprains, Manual Therapy,

doi:10.1016/j.math.2006.09.008

68. Kavanagh, J. (1999). Is there a positional fault at the inferior tibiofibular joint in patients with acute or chronic

ankle sprains compared to normals? Manual Therapy, 4(1), 19-24.

69. Kaneko, S. (2011). Forearm pain, diagnosed as intersection syndrome, managed by taping: A case series.

Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 41 (7), 514-519

70. Takasaki H. (2012) Immediate and short-term effects of Mulligan mobilisation with movement in knee pain and

disability associated with knee osteoarthritis – A prospective case series. Physiotherapy Theory & Practice DOI

10.3109/09593985.2012.702854

71. Wilson, E. (1997). Central facilitation and remote effects: treating both ends of the system. Manual Therapy,

2(2), 165-168.


Non-experimental study

72. Konstantinou, K. (2002). The use and reported effects of mobilization with movement techniques in low back

pain management; a cross-sectional descriptive survey of physiotherapists. Manual Therapy, 7(4), 206-214.


International conference papers

73. Adkar L (2008) Immediate effectiveness of Maitland’s, Mulligan’s and McKenzie’s approaches in chronic

lumbar spondylosis: a randomized clinical trial. 9th Scientific Conference of IFOMT, Rotterdam, Holland

74. Aikhabbaz, Y (2011). The effect of the fibular repositioning taping technique on standing balance. WCPT,

2011

75. Alexander, J (2008) The Effectiveness of Achilles Tendinopathy Taping on Rearfoot Posture During Static

Weight Bearing and Gait. In proceeding of the American Physical Therapy Association Annual Conference 2008,

San Antonio

76. Alonso-Blanco C (2008) Muscle trigger point dry needling and Mulligans’ mobilization with movement for the

management of chronic lateral epicondylalgia: a case report 9th Scientific Conference of IFOMT, Rotterdam,

Holland

77. Brandy, A. (2005). Manual mobilization of the cervical spine: a step further. The Spine – World Congress on

Manual Therapy, Rome, Italy.

78. Browning, P (2011) The effect of a cervical rotational snag on median nerver extensibility in an asymptomatic

population, a within subjects randomised design. WCPT, Holland

79. Budulmann, K (2012) Musculoskeletal function of the upper cervical spine in children. IFOMPT, Canada

80. Carpenter, G. (2008). The effects of hip mobilization and mobilization with movement in the Physical Therapy

management of a person with lateral hip pain: a case report. American Academy of Orthopaedic Manual

Physical Therapist (AAOMPT) Conference.

81. Dimitrova EB. (2000) Effects of Mulligan’s Pain Release Phenomenon techniques in cases of achilles

peritendonitis. In Singer KP, Proceedings of the 7th Scientific Conference of IFOMT, The University of Western

Australia, Perth

82. Dimitrova, E. (2002). Application of Mulligan’s mobilization with movement after shoulder dislocation. In

Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Sports Science, Antalya, Turkey.

83. Dimitrova, E. (2006). Mobilizations with movement in treatment of impingement syndrome in the overhead

athlete. In Proceedings of the 8th International Congress of Sports Medicine Association of Greece & 5th

Greek-Cypriot Congress of Sports Medicine, Thessaloniki, Greece.

84. French, H (2011) The effectiveness of exercise with and without manual therapy for hip osteoarthritis:

preliminary results of a multi-centre randomised controlled trial. WCPT, Holland

85. Hall, TM. (2003). Cervicogenic headache: Which motion segments are involved? Paper presented at the In

Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Conference of the Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Association of Australia.

86. Hing W (2008) The assessment of Mulligan’s Shoulder Mobilisation with Movement’s by diagnostic ultrasound.

9th Scientific Conference of IFOMT, Rotterdam, Holland

87. Hopper, D. (2007). Does Mulligan ankle tape influence balance performance in athletes with unilateral chronic

ankle instability? Proceedings of the Australian Physiotherapy Association Conference Week, Cairns, Australia.

88. Islam S (2008) Effectiveness of PNF stretching and Mulligan’s BLR technique for increasing the flexibility of

hamstring in healthy male subjects: Comparative study. 9th Scientific Conference of IFOMT, Rotterdam,

Holland

89. Mann, TW. (2002). Efficacy of the Mulligan Concept: A review of the evidence base. Paper presented at the IN

Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Malaysian Physiotherapy Association.

90. Mercer, S. (2001). Meniscoids and manual therapy of the ankle. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the

12th Biennial conference of the Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Association of Australia.

91. Merlin, D. (2005). Mulligan’s Mobilisation with movement technique for lateral ankle pain and the use of

magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate the “positional fault” hypothesis. XIV International Congress on

Sports Rehabilitation and Traumatology, Bologna, Italy.

92. Moulson, A. (2005). A preliminary investigation into the relationship between cervical SNAGs and sympathetic

nervous system activity in the upper limbs of an asymptomatic population. Second International Conference

on Movement Dysfunction, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

93. Moutzouri, I (2011). Effects of mulligan mobilisation technique «snag» applied on the lumbar spine in the

sympathetic nervous system activity of lower limbs. WCPT, Holland

94. Mulligan, BR. (1988). SNAGS. Paper presented at the Proceedings of IFOMT.

95. Neto, F. (2005). Immediate effects of hold-relax and Mulligan’s traction straight leg raise techniques on

hamstring flexibility. The Spine – World Congress on Manual Therapy, Rome, Italy.

96. Perry, J (2012) The neurophysiological effects of spinal manipulative therapy on patients with acute and

subacute LBP. IFOMPT, Canada

97. Piekartz, H (2012) Treatment to address Temporomandibular dysfunction in addition to usual care improves

cervicogenic headache and cervical mobility. IFOMPT, Canada.

98. Schoening, S. (2004). Physical therapy management of chronic inversion ankle sprains using the Mulligan

ankle technique: a case study. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the American Physical Therapy

Association Congress.

99. Teys, P. (2011) Time course and the effects of taping of a mulligan’s mobilization-with movement manual

therapy technique in pain limited shoulders. WCPT, Holland

100. Vicenzino, B. (2001). Preliminary evidence of a force threshold required to produce manipulation-induced

analgesia. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 12th Biennial Conference of the Musculo-skeletal

Physiotherapy Association of Australia.

101. Vicenzino, B. (2001). The initial effects of two Mulligan mobilizations with movement treatment techniques on

ankle dorsiflexion. In Proceedings of the Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport, Australia.

102. Vicenzino, B. (2004). Mobilizations of movement treatment of the ankle changes joint position sense in

subjects with recurrent sprains: a preliminary report. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Ankle Symposium,

Delaware, USA.

103. Vicenzino, T. (2008). Age and pain free grip strength may predict outcome to mobilisation with movement

and exercise for tennis elbow. In Proceedings of the 9th Scientific Conference of IFOMT, Rotterdam, Holland.


National conference paper

104. Mack, J. (1997). A new approach in the treatment of tennis elbow. Paper presented at the In Proceedings of

NZSM, Christchurch “partners in Action”.


Mulligan Conference presentations

1st International Mulligan Conference Chicago, USA 2009

105. Hewitt (2009) Mulligan’s Mobilisation with Movement for the peripheral joints: A systematic, critical narrative

review.

106. Gangwal (2009) The effect of a cervical rotational SNAG on median nerve extensibility in an asymptomatic

population. A within subjects, randomised, single blind, placebo, controlled design.

107. Hoffman (2009) Spinal immediate changes in muscle activation strategies during and immediately after a

single intervention based on the atm® concept

108. Osmotherly (2009) Craniovertebral instability testing. Do the tests really reflect the anatomy?

109. Exelby (2009) The effectiveness of ‘mobilisations with movement’ with and without an auto-mobilisation

programme in chronic lateral epicondylagia: a single case study.

110. Ogston (2009) The effects of an ankle taping technique on balance and a reaching task while standing on one

leg in subjects who have ankle instability.

111. Miller (2009) Effects of mobilization with movement on ankle dorsiflexion: a pilot case report with optical and

fluoroscopic motion analysis

112. Hing (2009) The assessment of Mulligan’s Shoulder Mobilisation with Movement’s by Diagnostic Ultrasound.

113. Achaltz (2009) The Impact of Mobilization with Movement (MWMs) on Chronic Shoulder Immobility Associated

with Functional Deficits

114. Dinkins (2009) Mulligan Traction Straight Leg Raise: A Pilot Study to Investigate Effects on Individuals with

Restless Legs Syndrome.

2nd International Mulligan Conference Porto, Portugal 2011

115. Cruz A (2011) Immediate effects of a Rocabado’s atlas derotation technique and a Mulligan’s C1/2 sustained

natural apophyseal glide (SNAG) in the flexion-rotation test range: a randomized controlled trial

116. Paco M (2011) Immediate effects of an inferior tibiofibular joint mobilization with movement technique in

dorsiflexion and posterior talar glide in individuals with history of ankle sprain: a randomized controlled trial

117. Neto F (2011) Immediate effects of a talus dorsiflexion mobilization with movement and a passive accessory

antero-posterior mobilization in posterior talar glide and dorsiflexion of the foot: a randomized controlled trial

118. Werstine R (2011) A Fluoroscopic comparison of general and semi-specific traction of the cervical spine

119. Lennington K (2011) A case-series of sub-acromial impaction syndrome managed by Mulligan shoulder

mobilization with movement and exercise

120. Ruiz O (2011) De Quervain’s disease. Successful symptom resolution using the principles of MWM. A case

report

121. Reid R (2011) Manual therapy treatment of cervicogenic dizziness and pain: preliminary findings of a

randomised controlled trial

122. Takasaki H (2011) A case-series of forearm pain, diagnosed as intersection syndrome, managed by Mulligan

taping


Other peer reviewed articles

123. Baker RT. (2013) The Mulligan Concept: mobilizations with movement. International Journal of Athletic

Therapy and Training 18: 30-34.

124. Brisebios, P. (2007). Mulligan’s mobilization with movement technique produces greater increases than static

stretching on passive internal rotation of the hip. Journal of Athletic Training 42(suppl):S122.

125. Budelmann, K (2013) Is there a difference in head posture and movement in children with and without

pediatric headache. European Journal of Pediatrics. DOI 10.1007/s00431-013-2046-z

126. Budelmann, K (2013) A normative study of cervical range of motion measures including the flexion-rotation

test in asymptomatic children: side-to-side variability and pain provocation. Journal of Manual & Manipulative

Therapy. DOI 10.1179/2042618612Y.0000000026

127. Chou, E (2013). Lower leg neuromuscular changes following fibular reposition taping in individuals with

chronic ankle instability. Manual Therapy. PubMed PMID: 23302515.

128. Delahunt E, (2010) Effect of taping on actual and perceived dynamic postural stability in persons with chronic

ankle instability. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91: 1383-1389.

129. Edmonston, SJ. (1997). Thoracic spine, anatomical and biomechanical considerations for manual therapy.

Manual Therapy, 2(3), 132-143.

130. Exelby, L. (1995). Mobilisation with movement: a personal view. Physiotherapy, 81(12), 724-729.

131. Exelby, L. (1996). Peripheral mobilisation with movement. Manual Therapy, 1(13), 118-126.

132. Exelby, L. (2002). The Mulligan Concept: Its application in the management of spinal conditions. Manual

Therapy, 7(2), 64-70.

133. Fuji, M. (2009). Does distal tibiofibular joint mobilization decrease limitation of ankle dorsiflexion? Manual

Therapy, 15(1):1-5.

134. Guo, L. (2006). Initial effects of the ankle dorsiflexion mobilization with movement on ankle range of motion

and limb coordination in young healthy subjects. Formosan Journal of Physical Therapy 31(3):173-181.

135. Grondin F. (2014) Upper cervical range of motion is impaired in patients with painful temporomandibular

disorders. Craniomandibular Disorders. 2014

136. Hall, TM. (2001). Effects of the Mulligan traction straight leg raise technique on range of movement. Journal

of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 9(3), 128-133.

137. Hall TM. (2004) The flexion-rotation test and active cervical mobility – A comparative measurement study in

cervicogenic headache. Manual Therapy 9(4): 197-204

138. Hall, TM. (2006) Mulligan’s traction straight leg raise: A pilot study to investigate effects on range of motion in

patients with low back pain. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy 14(2):95-100

139. Hall, TM (2008) Inter-tester reliability and diagnostic validity of the cervical flexion-rotation test. Journal of

Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 31:293-300

140. Hall TM, (2008). Clinical evaluation of cervicogenic headache. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy,

16(2), 73-80

141. Hall TM, (2010). Long-term stability and minimal detectable change of the cervical flexion-rotation test,

Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy. 40(4): 225-229

142. Hall TM, (2010). The relationship between cervicogenic headache and impairment determined by the cervical

flexion-rotation test, Journal of Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics. doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2010.09.002

143. Hall TM, (2010). Comparative analysis and diagnostic accuracy of the cervical flexion-rotation test. Journal of

Headache and Pain. DOI 10.1007/s10194-010-0222-3

144. Hall TM 2010. The influence of lower cervical joint pain on range of motion and interpretation of the flexionrotation

test. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy. 18(3):126-131

145. Hall TM (2010) Reliability of manual examination and frequency of symptomatic cervical motion segment

dysfunction in cervicogenic headache. Manual Therapy. doi:10.1016/j.math.2010.06.002

146. Hearn, A. (2002). Cervical Snags: a biomechanical analysis. Manual Therapy, 7(2), 71-79

147. Hendry D. (2014) Effect of Mulligan’s and Kinesio knee taping on adolescent ballet dancers knee and hip

biomechanics during landing. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports.

148. Hing W. (2009) Mulligan’s Mobilization with Movement: A Systematic Review. The Journal of Manual &

Manipulative Therapy. 17:2. p39-65

149. Ho, K (2008) Displacement of the head of humerus while performing “mobilization with movement” in

glenohumeral joint: A cadaver study. Manual Therapy doi:10.1016/j.math.2008.01.008

150. Hoch MC (2010), The effectiveness of mobilization with movement at improving dorsiflexion after ankle

sprain, J Sport Rehabil;19(2):226-32.

151. Hopper D. (2009). The influence of Mulligan ankle taping during balance performance in subjects with

unilateral chronic ankle instability. Physical Therapy in Sport. doi:10.1016/j.ptsp.2009.07.005

152. Hubbard T. (2006) Fibular position in individuals with self-reported chronic ankle instability. Journal of

Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 36(1): 3-9.

153. Hubbard T (2007) Anterior positional fault of the fibula after sub-acute lateral ankle sprains. Manual Therapy,

doi:10.1016/j.math.2006.09.008

154. Johnson J. (1997) Mobilisation with movement: an adjunct to traditional treatment of lateral epicondylitis.

Journal of Sports Physiotherapy 1 (25) 76

155. Konstantinou, K. (2002). The use and reported effects of mobilization with movement techniques in low back

pain management: a cross-sectional descriptive survey of physiotherapists. Manual Therapy 7(4):206-214.

156. Mann, T. W. (2001). Causes of complications from cervical spine manipulation. Physiotherapy, 47, 255-266.

157. McDowell JM. (2014) Mulligan Concept manual therapy: standardizing annotation. Manual Therapy;19:499-

503

158. McLean, S. (2002). A pilot study of the manual force levels required to produce manipulation induced

hypoalgesia. Clinical Biomechanics, 17, 304-308.

159. Michel, P. (2000). Total glenohumeral joint replacement: totally different situation. Manual Therapy, 5(2),

108-112.

160. Miller, J. (1999). The Mulligan Concept – the next step in the evolution of manual therapy. Canadian

Physiotherapy Association Orthopaedic Division Review, March/April 9-13.

161. Miller, J. (2000). Mulligan concept – management of tennis elbow. Canadian Physiotherapy Association

Orthopaedic Division Review, May/June 45-46.

162. Moulston A, A preliminary investigation into the relationship between cervical SNAGS and sympathetic

nervous system activity in the upper limbs of asymptomatic population. Manual therapy 2006 11 214-224

163. Mulligan, BR. (1957). The acute wryneck. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, May 1957, May, 1957.

164. Mulligan, BR. (1974). The painful stiff shoulder. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 4(7).

165. Mulligan, BR. (1982). NAGS – Modified mobilisation techniques for the cervical and upper thoracic spines.

New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, August 1982.

166. Mulligan B (1987) Sustained nags (SNAGS) in the treatment of the cervical spine. N Z J Physiother 15: 12.

167. Mulligan, BR. (1989). Pain release phenomenon techniques – PRPS. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy,

April 1989.

168. Mulligan, BR. (1992). Extremity joint mobilisations combined with movement. New Zealand Journal of

Physiotherapy, April 1992.

169. Mulligan, BR. (1993). Mobilisation with Movement. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 1(4), 154-156.

170. Mulligan, BR. (1994). Spinal mobilisation with arm movement (further mobilisation with movement). Journal

of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 2(2), 75-77.

171. Mulligan, BR. (1995). Spinal mobilisation with leg movement (further mobilisation with movement). Journal

of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 3(1), 25-27.

172. Mulligan, BR. (1996). Mobilisation with movement for the hip joint to restore internal rotation and flexion.

Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 4(1), 35-37.

173. Mulligan, BR. (1997). Update on spinal mobilisations with leg movement. Journal of Manual & Manipulative

Therapy, 5(4), 184-187.

174. Mulligan BR. (2003) The painful dysfunctional shoulder. A new treatment approach using ‘Mobilisation with

Movement’ The New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy 31 (3) 140-142

175. Naik, V. (2007). Effectiveness of Maitland versus Mulligan mobilization techniques after post surgical

management of colles fracture. Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, 1(4):14-18.

176. Ogince, M. (2006). The diagnostic validity of the cervical flexion-rotation test in C1/2 related cervicogenic

headache. Manual Therapy (accepted for publication)

177. Pagorek, S. (2009) Effect of Manual Mobilization With Movement on Pain and Strength in Adults With Chronic

Lateral Epicondylitis. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 18, 1-10

178. Rivett, DA. (1997). Preventing neurovascular complications of cervical spine manipulation. Physical Therapy

Review, 2, 29-37.

179. Rivett, DA. (1998). Negative pre-manipulative vertebral artery testing despite complete occlusion: a case of

false negativity? Manual Therapy, 3(2), 102-107.

180. Smith, K (2008) The influence of age, gender, lifestyle factors and sub-clinical neck pain on the cervical

flexion–rotation test and cervical range of motion. Manual Therapy doi:10.1016/j.math.2007.07.005

181. Stevens, G. (1995). Lateral epicondylitis. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 3(2), 50-58.

182. Takasaki, H (2008) Cervical segmental motion induced by shoulder abduction assessed by magnetic

resonance imaging. Spine;34:E122–E126

183. Takasaki, H (2010) Normal kinematics of the upper cervical spine during the Flexion-Rotation Test – in vivo

measurements using Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Manual Therapy, doi:10.1016/j.math.2010.07.005

184. Teys, P. (2006). A preliminary study of the effects of a shoulder mobilisation with movement. Journal of

Science and Medicine in Sport 9(Supplement 1):24.

185. Vicenzino B. (2003) Lateral epicondylalgia: a musculoskeletal physiotherapy perspective. Manual Therapy

8(2) 66-79

186. Vicenzino B. (2006) Mulligan’s mobilization-with-movement, positional faults and pain relief: Current

concepts from a critical review of literature, Manual Therapy, doi:10.1016/j.math.2006.07.012.

187. Vicenzino, B. (2007) Joint Manipulation in the Management of Lateral Epicondylalgia: A Clinical Commentary,

Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 15(1): 50-56

188. Vicenzino B (2013) Blog: spare the steroids in tennis elbow Cochrane Database of Systematic.

189. Vincenzio B, (2007) Mulligan’s mobilization-with -movement, positional faults and pain relief: Current concepts from a

critical review of the literature. Manual Therapy 12: 98-108.

190. Vincenzio B, (2009) Development of a clinical prediction rule to identify initial responders to mobilization with

movement and exercise for lateral epicondylalgia. Manual Therapy 14: 550-554.

191. Yang JI. (2009). Mobilization techniques in subjects with frozen shoulder syndrome: randomized multiple

treatment trial. Phys Ther.87:1307–1315


Non peer reviewed articles

192. Wilson, E. (1994a). Mobilisation with movement: an update. In Touch, 73, 10-11.

193. Wilson, E. (1994b). Peripheral joint mobilisation with movement and its effects on adverse neural tension.

Journal of the Manipulative Association of Chartered Physiotherapists (UK), 2, 35-39.

194. Wilson, E. (1995). Mobilisations with movement and adverse neural tension: an exploration of possible links.

Manipulative Physiotherapist 27:1, 27(1).

195. Woodman, R (2011) An introduction to the examination and treatment of non-surgical soft tissue lesions of

the wrist and hand, integrating the approaches of Cyriax and Mulligan. Physiotimes, 3(3)

196. Woodman, R (2011) Integrating the Cyriax and Mulligan approach for the examination to the examination

and treatment of soft tissue injuries around the ankle. Physiotimes, 2 (5)

197. Woodman, R (2011) Application of the Mulligan Approach to the Lumbar Mechanical Derangement.

Physiotimes, 2, (4)

198. Woodman, R (2010) To SNAG or not to SNAG the Cervical Spine. Physiotimes, 1 (5)


Related books

199. Vicenzino, B. (2011) Mobilisation with Movement: The art and the science. Elsevier, Sydney

200. Hall, TM. (2003). A chronic case of mechanics elbow. In M. Jones & D. Rivett (Eds.), In Clinical reasoning for

physical therapists: Churchill Livingstone.

201. Mulligan, BR. (1994). SNAGS: Mobilisations of the spine with active movement. In G. Grieve (Ed.), In Modern

Manual Therapy (2nd ed., pp. 733-743). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston.

202. Mulligan BR. (2003) Manual Therapy NAGS SNAGS MWMS etc. 5th Edition. Plane View services Ltd. New

Zealand.

203. Mulligan BR. (2003) Self Treatments for Back, Neck and Limbs. Plane View Services Ltd. New Zealand

204. Reordan, D. (2012) The Mulligan Concept. In Chevan J, Clapis C (Eds.), Physical Therapy Management of Low

Back Pain: A Case-Based Approach. Jones & Bartlett Learning

205. Wilson, E. (2002). The Mulligan Concept: NAGs, SNAGs, MWMs, etc. In L. Chaitow (Ed.), In Positional Release

Techniques (2nd ed.). London: Churchill Livingstone.


Other language papers

206. Beyerlein, C. (2002). Geschichte der spinalen Manipulation von Hippokrates bis heute. Krankengymnastik –

Zeitschrift für Physiotherapeuten, 54(11), 1780-1784.

207. Beyerlein, CH (2002). Effektivität der Mulligan-Straight-Leg-Raise-Traktionstechnik auf die Beweglichkeit bei

Patienten mit Rückenschmerzen. Manuelle Therapie, 6, 61-68.

208. Claassen R. (2001) Het Mulligan Concept: een veilige en effectieve manier van mobiliseren. Wetenschappelijk

tijdschrift voor Fysische Therapie 2(2):7-17

209. Schafer, A. (2005). “Mulligan bent leg raise technique—a preliminary randomized trial of immediate effects

after a single intervention.” Manuelle Therapie; 9: 180-185.